Article Alert - December 2011
December 14, 2011
SPOTLIGHT: DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
1. “Something Is Happening: This Time in Thailand”
Danny Unger. Asia Pacific Bulletin No. 131, October 6, 2011, 2 pages.
The author, an associate professor of Political Science at Northern Illinois University, discusses the aftermath and implications of Thailand's general election held this past July.
2. “Human Rights and Democracy Promotion: Reflections on the Contestation in, and the Politico-Economic Dynamics of, Rights Promotion”
Milja Kurki. Third World Quarterly, October 2011, 15 pages.
The author examines from a theoretical perspective the plausibility and the consequences of the claim that the role of human rights advocacy and its role in democracy promotion share a more complex and controversial relationship than is often assumed.
3. “Language Rights: The 'Cinderella' Human Right”
Stephen May. Journal of Human Rights, July-September 2011, 25 pages. Drawing on theoretical debates in political theory and international law, as well as the substantive empirical example of Catalonia, the author discusses why language rights can and should be recognized as an important human right.
4. “How 2013 Could Play Out”
Major Garrett. National Journal, October 29, 2011, 2 pages.
The author, a congressional correspondent for National Journal, discusses why the reconciliation process will be a key to advancing Republican objectives in U.S. Congress, regardless of whether a Republican or Democrat is in the White House in 2012.
GLOBAL ECONOMIC GROWTH
5. "Global Economic Prospects as of September 9, 2011: How Deep the Current Slowdown?"
Michael Mussa. Paper Presented at the Twentieth Semiannual Meeting on Global Economic Prospects, September 9, 2011, 11 pages.
The author, a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, analyzes the prospect for the global economic performance over the next year, focusing on the situation in emerging-market and developing countries and why these countries will likely be somewhat immune to problems besetting the advanced economies.
6. "Is the US Economy Freefalling?"
Vincent R. Reinhart. AEI Economic Outlook, August 2011, 5 pages.
The author, a former director of the Federal Reserve Board’s Division of Monetary Affairs, examines the current position and the likely trajectory of the U.S. economy as the United States is experiencing the expected aftershocks of a financial crisis.
7. “The Case for Optimism”
John Podhoretz. Commentary, November 2011, 5 pages.
The author, an editor of Commentary, explores the economic future of the United States in light of the global financial crisis of 2008 and 2009, focusing on the effects of economic bubbles, shifts in political discourse and control in the U.S. Congress, and the American work ethics.
8. “How Great Companies Think Differently”
Rosabeth Moss Kanter. Harvard Business Review, November 2011, 12 pages.
The author, the Ernest L. Arbuckle Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School, discusses an institutional logic -- the practices of most high-performing and sustainable companies -- at great companies that radically alter leadership and corporate behavior and form the building blocks of a more sustainable competitive advantage.
THE UNITED STATES AND ASIA
9. “America's Pacific Century”
Hillary Rodham Clinton. Foreign Policy, November 2011, 8 pages
Just as Asia is critical to America’s future, an engaged America is vital to Asia’s future. Why will the future of geopolitics be decided in Asia? U.S. Secretary of State Clinton discusses the future of American statecraft over the next decade in the Asia-Pacific region.
10. “Asian Alliances in the 21st Century”
Dan Blumenthal, et al. Project 2049 Institute, August 2011, 38 pages.
The authors discuss the shape of Asia’s future as the epicenter of geopolitical activity in the 21st century and the U.S. major role in this ongoing geopolitical shift.
11. "Obama in Asia: Policy and Politics"
Douglas Paal. Asia Pacific Brief, December 6, 2011, 3 pages.
The author, Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, discusses implications of President Obama’s 10-day trip -- a remarkably long time for any president to be abroad -- to Asia-Pacific region in November.
12. "The Future Is Now"
Joshua E. Keating, et al. Foreign Policy, September/October 2011, 28 pages.
The authors discuss the forecasting for the world after 2011, particularly the world population, technological innovations, the global economy and the naval conflict in Asia.
13. “Think Again: Nuclear Power”
Charles D. Ferguson. Foreign Policy, November 2011, 7 pages.
The author, president of the Federation of American Scientists, examines the future of global nuclear power after the Japan meltdown and the great energy challenges to the immediate future.
14. “Academia and the Legitimising of International Politics: Studies of Democratisation and World Politics”
Ali Resul Usul. Third World Quarterly, October 2011, 12 pages.
The author analyzes the connection between academic studies and international politics and provides an academic justification of foreign policies with particular reference to the case of democratization studies during the Cold War and the post-cold war era.
ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
15. “Apple, Demystified”
Siva Vaidhyanathan. The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 21, 2011, 5 pages.
The author, a professor of media studies and law at the University of Virginia, discusses the computer technology company Apple, and examines how the innovations developed by its former head Steve Jobs have had an impact on American culture.
16. “Swift Blind Horseman?”
Peter Thiel. National Review, October 3, 2011, 5 pages.
The author, a founding CEO of PayPal, discusses the pivotal role of science and technology in advancing U.S. livings standards and quality of life.
17. “Resistance Is Futile”
Megan McArdle . The Atlantic, October 2011, 4 pages.
The author, a senior editor for The Atlantic, examines the inevitably loss of effectiveness of antibiotics and how infections such as tuberculosis, staphalococcus, pneumococcus and E. coli could become common causes for death.
18. “Environmental Learning in Online Social Networks: Adopting Environmentally Responsible Behaviors”
Beth A. Robelia, et al. Environmental Education Research, August 2011, 23 pages.
The authors examine an application within Facebook.com – the largest online social network in the world – that allowed users to post climate change news stories from other websites and comment on those stories, focusing on its impact on young adults’ environmental behaviors.
U.S. SOCIETY AND CULTURE
19. “The Most Influential Cities”
Luna Shyr. National Geographic, December 2011, 3 pages.
The author offers a list of the most influential cities in the world based on variables such as business, culture, politics and human capital. Among those that make the list are Brussels, Belgium, San Francisco, California, and Sydney, Australia.
20. “Towering Feats of Engineering”
Mara Grunbaum. Discover, October 2011, 2 pages.
The author, a freelance science journalist in Brooklyn, New York, discusses the skyscraper which is being constructed at One World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City, and its security measures including a special curing process for the concrete base, a steel frame in which weight is distributed across multiple columns, and fast elevators.
21. “Words of America: A Field Guide”
Michael Adams. Humanities, September/October 2011, 7 pages.
Each American word has its own story, and America has great storytelling dictionaries, historical dictionaries filled with chronologically organized quotations to illustrate the forms, meanings, and uses of American speech. The author, an associate professor of English at Indiana University in Bloomington, explores American language and culture in American lexicons.
22. “Handheld Education: Applied Mobile Technology”
Rene J. Erlandson. Choice, May 2011, 9 pages.
The author, director of Virtual Services, University of Nebraska’s Omaha Criss Library, discusses the proliferation of mobile computing programs across U.S. undergraduate educational institutions and in libraries, then examines ways to incorporate mobile technologies into the educational experience of undergraduates.
23. “With Cheating Only a Click Away, Professors Reduce the Incentive”
Jie Jenny Zou. The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 9, 2011, 3 pages.
The author, a contributing writer for The Chronicle of Higher Education, discusses the increased use of clickers, or student response systems, in college classes in the United States and examines ways in which professors, lecturers, and universities are implementing guidelines to prevent students from cheating through the use of these devices.
24. "21st-Century Lending Libraries"
Nancy K. Herther. Searcher, September 2011, 7 pages.
The author, a sociology/anthropology librarian at the University of Minnesota Libraries, discusses the choices available to readers in the book market in 2011, focusing on ebooks platforms and major aggregator platforms for libraries.
25. “The Importance of User Observation”
Terence K. Huwe. Computers in Libraries, September 2011, 3 pages.
The author, director of library and information resources at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment at the University of California–Berkeley, discusses analytical steps to observe user behavior and understand the potential of new technologies for libraries in order to build knowledge and improve outreach strategies.